#The stylelint PostCSS plugin

As with any other PostCSS plugin, you can use stylelint's PostCSS plugin either with a PostCSS runner or with the PostCSS JS API directly.

However, if a dedicated stylelint task runner plugin is available (e.g. gulp-stylelint or grunt-stylelint) we recommend you use that rather than this plugin, as they provide better reporting.

#Installation

stylelint is an npm package. Install it using:

npm install stylelint

#Options

The plugin accepts an options object as argument, with the following properties:

#config

A stylelint configuration object.

If no config or configFile is passed, stylelint will look for a .stylelintrc configuration file.

#configFile

The path to a JSON, YAML, or JS file that contains your stylelint configuration object.

It should be either absolute or relative to the directory that your process is running from (process.cwd()). We'd recommend absolute.

#configBasedir

An absolute path to the directory that relative paths defining extends and plugins are relative to.

This is only necessary if you passed an object directly through the config property. If you used configFile, this option is not necessary.

If the config object passed uses relative paths, e.g. for extends or plugins, you are going to have to pass a configBasedir. If not, you do not need this.

#configOverrides

A partial stylelint configuration object whose properties will override the existing config object, whether that config was loaded via the config option or a .stylelintrc file.

The difference between the configOverrides and config options is this: If any config object is passed, stylelint does not bother looking for a .stylelintrc file and instead just uses whatever config object you've passed; but if you want to both load a .stylelintrc file and override specific parts of it, configOverrides does just that.

#ignoreDisables

If true, all disable comments (e.g. /* stylelint-disable block-no-empty */) will be ignored.

You can use this option to see what your linting results would be like without those exceptions.

#ignorePath

A path to a file containing patterns describing files to ignore. The path can be absolute or relative to process.cwd(). By default, stylelint looks for .stylelintignore in process.cwd(). See Configuration.

#Usage examples

We recommend you lint your CSS before applying any transformations. You can do this by either:

  • creating a separate lint task that is independent of your build one.
  • using the plugins option of postcss-import or postcss-easy-import to lint your files before any transformations.
  • placing stylelint at the beginning of your plugin pipeline.

You'll also need to use a reporter. The stylelint plugin registers warnings via PostCSS. Therefore, you'll want to use it with a PostCSS runner that prints warnings or another PostCSS plugin whose purpose is to format and print warnings (e.g. postcss-reporter).

#Example A

A separate lint task that uses the plugin via the PostCSS JS API to lint Less using postcss-less.

Note: the stylelint PostCSS plugin, unlike the stylelint CLI and node API, doesn't have a syntax option. Instead, the syntax must be set within the PostCSS options as there can only be one parser/syntax in a pipeline.

var fs = require("fs")
var less = require("postcss-less")
var postcss = require("postcss")

// CSS to be processed
var css = fs.readFileSync("input.css", "utf8")

postcss([
  require("stylelint")({ /* your options */ }),
  require("postcss-reporter")({ clearReportedMessages: true })
])
  .process(css, {
    from: "input.css",
    syntax: less
  })
  .then()
  .catch(err => console.error(err.stack))

The same pattern can be used to lint SCSS or SugarSS syntax.

#Example B

A combined lint and build task where the plugin is used via the PostCSS JS API, but within postcss-import (using the its plugins option) so that the source files are linted before any transformations.

var fs = require("fs")
var postcss = require("postcss")
var stylelint = require("stylelint")

// CSS to be processed
var css = fs.readFileSync("lib/app.css", "utf8")

postcss(
  [
    require("postcss-import")({
      plugins: [
        require("stylelint")({ /* your options */ })
      ]
    }),
    require("postcss-cssnext"),
    require("postcss-reporter")({ clearReportedMessages: true })
  ]
)
  .process(css, { from: 'lib/app.css', to: 'app.css' })
  .then(function (result) {
    fs.writeFileSync('app.css', result.css);
    if ( result.map ) fs.writeFileSync('app.css.map', result.map);
  })
  .catch(err => console.error(err.stack))